Functional therapy / Cranomandibular Dysfunction (CMD)

In Germany, many people suffer from the consequences of masticatory muscle parafunction. Compared to normal conditions the masticatory muscles over perform which may lead to gnashing teeth, jaw clenching or tongue thrusting. Usually, parafunction is the result of incorrect bite often in combined with a psychological component such as stress. The term used for dysfunction of the masticatory system is Craniomandibular Dysfunction (CMD).

Most people who are affected do not know that they suffer from CMD nor do they know that it is responsible for many subsequent illnesses the causes of which are normally not sought within the dental field.



Patients suffering from CMD often do not realize the symptoms and do not understand its complexity. Therefore the patient’s illness should be diagnosed with vision and beyond the doctor’s own medical field. How can the patient know that the cause of his or her back pain is the jaw joint? Equally CMD may be the cause of headaches, tinnitus problems or dizziness? For this reason frequent consultation with specialists of other medical fields makes sense; a single medical discipline would be overwhelmed and would not have the necessary knowledge for complex therapy.

Depending on the each case the following medical disciplines may work together for therapy: dentists, orthodontists, orthopaedic surgeons, physiotherapists / osteopaths, speech pathologists, oral surgeons, dental technicians, ENT specialists, psychologists, neurologists, pain specialists, general practitioners, internists, naturopaths, homeopaths.